Learn about the benefits and side effects of drinking coffee, including how much you should really consume in a day and whether or not it’s as bad as you think.
Drinking black coffee (or coffee of any kind) has a bad reputation. Truth be told, I’ve started my morning with a cup of coffee for as long as I can remember.
You may be thinking that this makes me a pretty bad nutritionist. Coffee has caffeine, after all, and isn’t caffeine bad for you? As a matter of fact, there’s a ton of research to indicate that drinking coffee may actually be good for you.
But the health benefits of coffee are based on how much you have per day and how you take your coffee. Let’s delve into the facts on drinking coffee and the supposed health benefits (or lack thereof).
Is coffee bad for you?
Have you ever thought about what is actually in coffee? Believe it or not, there is more to a cup of coffee than caffeine!
Coffee is a complex blend of more than a thousand chemicals, some of which have nutritional benefits. Here is what is actually in your cup of coffee.
Not surprisingly, an 8-ounce cup of coffee contains 8-ounces of water. The myth that coffee is dehydrating has, thankfully, been laid to rest. Coffee has no effect on our hydration status.
While coffee shouldn’t be your primary source of water, it’s definitely an added benefit.
Antioxidants, which are known for their anti-inflammatory properties, are prevalent in roasted coffee beans. In fact, coffee is one of the biggest sources of antioxidants globally!
Consumption of antioxidants has been associated with a lower risk of many diseases, such as cancer and heart disease.
Coffee is rich in riboflavin. Riboflavin, otherwise known as Vitamin B2, is one of the essential B vitamins. It’s not found in many foods, but it is abundant in coffee.
Riboflavin helps break down nutrients in the body, and a deficiency can affect the metabolism of certain nutrients and lead to preeclampsia (high blood pressure) in pregnant women.
Couldn’t forget caffeine! Each 8-ounce cup of coffee contains about 95 mg of caffeine, and a 2-ounce espresso shot has about 80 mg of caffeine. It’s important to note, however, that most coffeehouse cups are at least 12-ounces and contain about 120 mg of caffeine.
How much caffeine should you have in a day?
If you’re worried about your caffeine intake, chances are you probably shouldn’t be. Experts agree that healthy adults can consume up to 400 milligrams of caffeine per day without any negative side effects.
For the average coffee drinker, that means drinking four 8-ounce cups of coffee per day shouldn’t result in any negative health effects.
To put this into perspective, here is a list of other common sources of caffeine in the diet:
- 92% Dark Chocolate contains 14 mg of caffeine per 1 square
- 1-ounce milk chocolate bar (about the size of a Hersey bar) has 5 mg of caffeine
- 12-ounce can of soda has 30 mg of caffeine
- Nuun Sport + Caffeine Tablets contain 40 mg of caffeine per tablet
- 8-ounce glass of tea has 40 mg of caffeine
- Clif Bloks Tropical Punch Energy Chews contain 25 mg caffeine per 2-ounces
Coffee effects on the body
It’s pretty evident from the above that coffee in moderation isn’t detrimental to health. Many studies have actually linked coffee consumption to health benefits, such as:
Coffee is beneficial to the heart. Studies have shown that drinking coffee in moderation has been associated with heart health, including a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, and heart failure.
Coffee may be good for the brain. Studies have found that coffee may reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, and slow cognitive decline. While the link between coffee and reduced disease risk is uncertain, the antioxidants in coffee may prevent some brain cell damage associated with cognitive impairment.
Coffee is good for the liver. The evidence regarding the benefits of coffee for people with liver disease is so compelling that daily coffee intake is actually encouraged for those with chronic liver disease.
Coffee has been shown to improve athletic performance. Coffee can boost energy levels, increase time to exhaustion, and reduce perceptions of fatigue. I always have coffee before a race, but I make sure to consume my morning coffee at least 2 hours prior to the race to avoid potential digestion issues.
Coffee negative side effects
As with everything, stick to the purest form of coffee and drink it in moderation. Consuming large, fancy drinks with flavored syrups, whipped cream, or tons of cream can lead to excess calorie consumption and weight gain.
I recommend a black cup of coffee, either black or with milk. If you need some additional flavor, try a dash of cinnamon, rather than added sugar.
Of course, caffeine stays in your system for 4-6 hours, which can keep you awake at night or lead to restless sleep. Caffeine can also agitate or overstimulate some people, especially if you’re already stressed or anxious.
Everyone metabolizes caffeine differently, so pay attention to how your body reacts to coffee. If you are not already a caffeine user, starting it now may make you feel nervous or jittery.
Learn more about caffeine for runners
If you’re a runner and want to learn more about how caffeine can help or hurt your performance, check out this article I wrote for Runner’s World. Let me know what you think in the comments!